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Simar Nagi | 12 Jun 2023

20 Medicinal Plants Names & Their Health-Boosting Remedies

20 Medicinal Plants Names & Their Health-Boosting Remedies

Table of Content:

  1. Medical Plants At Home #1: Tulsi​
  2. Medical Plants At Home #2: Aloe Vera
  3. Medical Plants At Home #3: Gotu Kola
  4. Medical Plants At Home #4: Calendula
  5. Medical Plants At Home #5: Thyme
  6. Medical Plants At Home #6: Rosemary
  7. Medical Plants At Home #7: Methi
  8. Medical Plants At Home #8: Peppermint
  9. Medical Plants At Home #9: Lemon Balm
  10. Medical Plants At Home #10: Khus
  11. Medical Plants At Home #11: Adusa/Vasaka
  12. Medical Plants At Home #12: Neem
  13. Medical Plants At Home #13: Shirish
  14. Medical Plants At Home #14: Dalchini
  15. Medical Plants At Home #15: Pippali
  16. Medical Plants At Home #16: Shalai Guggal
  17. Medical Plants At Home #17: Ashgandh
  18. Medical Plants At Home #18: Babool
  19. Medical Plants At Home #19: Chitvan
  20. Medical Plants At Home #20: Amla

You've probably observed how we rush to the doctor these days when we have medical emergencies, but we never saw our grandmothers rush to the pharmacy. Our elderly have always firmly believed in using medicinal herbs rather than drug stores. Bringing back the magic of evergreen medicinal herbs for medical situations, we provide you with a list of some intriguing medicinal plant names which will be a great help for you.

The best news is that you don't have to jump from article to article in search of information because this blog includes all the medicinal plant names in English along with their benefits.

So, without further ado, let's dive into this blog and discover some interesting medicinal plants' names and their uses.

Medicinal Plants Name & Their Uses​

1. Tulsi

medicinal plants names

Amongst the popular names of some medicinal plants, tulsi tops the list. Here's why: 

Rightly called the queen of herbs, the tulsi plant is used in Ayurvedic medicines to help the human body heal in a natural manner. According to ayurvedic texts, there are four types of tulsi: Rama, Krishna, Vana, and Kapoor Tulsi. This medicinal plant's name in English is "Holy Basil." 

Here are a few of the benefits of this medicinal plant. 

  • One can consume tulsi in the form of herbal tea. 

  • The oil extracted from tulsi can be used as an ear drop.

  • Tulsi is a great source for curing malaria. 

  • You can use the extracted oil from Karpoora Tulsi to fight insects and bacteria in the bathroom. 

  • You can use the Rama Tusli remedy for the severe acute respiratory syndrome. The Rama Tulsi provides relief from fever, cough, and bronchitis. 

  • One should consume tulsi if suffering from a severe headache, indigestion, hysteria, insomnia, and cholera. 

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2. Aloe Vera

medicinal plants names in english

Aloe Vera surely stands amongst  the top 20 medicinal plants and their uses. This herbal plant name has been heard well and  used worldwide. It tastes more like a turd, but is edible.

For external use, the sap from aloe vera can be used for curing wounds, cuts, burns, and reducing inflammation. For internal treatment, aloe vera can be used to cure chronic constipation, poor appetite, and digestive problems. 

3. Gotu Kola

name some medicinal plants

Amongst the famous medicinal plant names in India, another one we have is Gotu Kola.

The Gotu kola ( Centella Asiatica) works on phases of connective tissue development. The specialty of Gotu kola is that it has healing power for ulcers and skin injuries and decreases capillary fragility. You can even use crushed leaves to treat open sores. If you want to maintain a youthful appearance, using Gotu kola is the best option. This medicinal plant also has the capacity to treat leprosy and revitalise the brain and nervous system. 

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4. Calendula 

herbal plants name

One of the most well known medicinal plants is Calendula. As long as the soil is moist, calendula will continue to serve its purpose. This medicinal plant provides a remedy for skin problems. When applied externally, the calendula plant will be able to treat the below-mentioned conditions:

  • Bites

  • Stings 

  • Sprains 

  • Wounds

  • Varicose veins

5. Thyme

medicinal plants name list

If someone asks to name some of the top medicinal plants for home, then without any doubt say “Thyme”. The benefit of this medicinal plant is that it helps treat congestion. This medicinal plant has a strong antiseptic nature and helps treat congestion, stomach gas, and coughs. 

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6. Rosemary

medicine tree name

Rosemary is a woody herb that stimulates energy and sharpens memory when consumed. It tends to provide more oxygen to the brain. Rosemary is also drought tolerant, and you only need one plant, which can flourish for a long time.  

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7. Methi

medicinal plants names and uses

In the seventh position in our medicinal plant names, list is Methi, i.e., Fenugreek. It is the most commonly used plant in an Indian kitchen. The methi seeds have quite a handful of advantages like-

  • It helps with weight gain 

  • Inhibit cancer of the liver

  • Lower blood cholesterol

  • Drain off sweat ducts

  • Treat poor digestion 

  • Help ease the painful menstruation

  • Lowers labor pains

  • Freshen bad breath.

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8. Peppermint

10 medicinal plants name

Peppermint is the oldest medicinal plant in the world. This medicinal plant has a great source of Manganese, Vitamin A, and Vitamin C.

People suffering from muscle pain can apply crushed peppermint leaves to their skin; it will help relieve the pain and relax the muscles. The most commonly-found plant in India, the benefits of infused peppermint are mentioned below.

  • It helps in reducing irritable bowel syndrome 

  • It helps in curing upset stomachs.

  • Treat fevers and flatulence

9. Lemon Balm

ayurvedic plants name

This medicinal plant's name is lemon balm because its leaves possess a minty lemon scent. When rubbed on the skin, the crushed lemon balm leaves work as a mosquito repellent and treat herpes, sores, gout, and insect bites. The infused lemon balm leaves to cure fever, indigestion, hyperthyroidism, depression, mild insomnia, and headaches. 

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10. Khus

ayurvedic plants

Most Indian mothers have heard of this medicinal plant's name, and they ensure that it is present in their homes. The reason behind such a fuss about khus is that the plant has anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effects that relieve inflammation in the circulatory and nervous systems. 

Even khus is included in soaps and are often used to create a tonic bath experience. You can use this at home, especially for those encountering frequent emotional outbursts like anger, anxiety, nervousness, etc. 

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11. Adusa/Vasaka


You surely must have come across many plant names but Adusa has its own charm and benefits. It is also known as Malabar Nut. It is found in tropical and subtropical regions of India and is one of the most famous Ayurvedic medicinal plants. It is well known to Cure cough, asthma, and Bronchitis.

The properties of this plant is that it helps releasing mucus, clear congestion and promotes easy breathing.

12. Neem


You must have come across plenty of medicinal plant names in India but Neem is the most common and beneficial one. In English, Neem is known as Margosa Tree. The various parts of the neem tree, including the leaves, seeds, and oil, are used for their medicinal properties. It treats eye disorders, bloody noses, and intestinal worms.

13. Shirish


Famous plants names may be many but the Siris itself is the medicine tree name. The bark, leaves, and flowers of this medicinal plant is used for their therapeutic benefits. Shirish possesses anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antimicrobial properties which cures cough, bronchial asthma, and other sorts of respiratory problems.


14. Dalchini


Among the top 20 medicinal herbs, next we have Dalchini. In English it is known as Bark Cinnamon. Many medicinal plants are available in India, but the unique thing about Dalchini is that it is famous for its distinct flavour and aroma. It is famously available in Indian kitchens and is used in cooking, baking, and traditional medicine. It works as an antibacterial and an antiseptic.

15. Pippali


Pippali in English is known as Long Pepper. This plant’s name is common in South Asia and is used as Ayurvedic Medicine. It is often dried spice, and has a strong flavour which is a bit familiar to black pepper. Pippali supports respiratory health, digestive health and boosts the immune system. Furthermore, when Pippali is combined with other herbs it enhances the severe health conditions.

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16. Shalai Guggal

Shalai Guggal

Shalai Guggal, is yet another popular medicinal plants in the name list. In English it is called Indian Olibanum and is used to support joint and muscle function, particularly in arthritis and other inflammatory conditions. The fragrance of Shalai Guggal is believed to promote relaxation and create a sacred environment.

17. Ashgandh


Ashgandh or Ashwagandha is one of the most heard medicinal plant names in india. In english it is known as winter cherry. It is a medicinal plant that is used to promote overall well-being and enhance vitality.

Moreover, Ashgandh is seen around for centuries so it is very easily available in the market. The plant has a powerful effect to promote overall well being and improves stress tolerance and immunity. It provides relief from joint pains and skin sores.

18. Babool


Another medicinal plant’s name is Babool which in English is commonly addressed as Acacia Nilotica or Indian Gum Arabic Tree.

People use Babool to improve their dental health, digestive system and skin health. Furthermore, the active compounds available in this plant work on reducing the inflammation and fight different bacteria, fungi and parasites.


19. Chitvan


It is an Indian medicinal plant’s name also known as Dita in English. It has dark green leaves and produces fragrant white flowers. People often use the wood of Chitvan for construction, furniture, and various other works. Its bark and leaves are used for medicinal purposes. It cures skin ulcers, fevers, and increases lactation. However if you are planning on installing this plant it is advisable to consult a trained healthcare professional.

20. Amla


Amla, also known as Indian Gooseberry in English, is a medium sized tree native to the Indian subcontinent. It is considered for its medicinal and nutritional benefits, and is also a good addition to a home garden.
Amla is rich in Vitamin C and is known for its sour and tangy taste. People in India often use it in culinary preparation like in pickles, chutneys and even juice. It is rich in antioxidants and works to cure constipation. You can consume it fresh, dried or in the form of supplements.

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Today, we are losing connection with nature because time is shifting to keep up with the rapidly changing and artificially-centred world. But somehow we still recall our ‘Naani and Daadi Maa ke Nuskhe’ for we still have our trust rooted in the age-old herbs and their impact. 

We hope that these 20 medicinal plant names stated above are sufficient for you to save/bookmark information and address any medical situations with such herbs hereon.


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