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Ipsa Rai | 27 Dec 2022

BHK Full Form & What BHK Means, Does 1 BHK & 1 RK Mean The Same?

BHK Full Form & What BHK Means, Does 1 BHK & 1 RK Mean The Same?

Table of Content:

  1. What is 1 BHK?
  2. Difference Between a 1 BHK and Studio Apartment?
  3. 1 BHK & 1 RK Mean The Same?
  4. 2 BHK Versus 1 BHK
  5. 1 BHK, 2 BHK & 3 BHK Sizes You Should Know About
  6. Built-Up Area and Carpet Area in 1 BHK, 2 BHK & 3 BHK Options
  7. Things You Should Know Before Making A 1 BHK, 2 BHK And 3 BHK Purchase

Let us begin by telling the full form of BHK. Well, BHK means: Bedroom, Hall, and Kitchen. 

What is 1 BHK?

It's just a standard apartment in a tall building. 1 BHK, 2 BHK, 3 BHK, and 4 BHK house plans are all fairly common. When referring specifically to a 1 BHK apartment, the abbreviation indicates that there is one bedroom, one "hall" (living room), and one "kitchen" (kitchen). 


2 BHK means that the residence has two bedrooms in addition to the standard "hall" (living room) and "kitchen" (preparation area). A similar configuration is the 3 BHK, which consists of three bedrooms in addition to the hall and kitchen. 


A 1 BHK is ideal for a single person or a small family, but a two-bedroom or three-bedroom apartment (2 BHK & 3 BHK) is more popular among families with children. Moreover, larger apartments, such as 4 BHK and 5 BHK, are more suitable for larger families, joint or blended families, etc. 


Difference Between a 1 BHK and a Studio Apartment?

Online property searches are where most homebuyers first encounter studio apartments, so it's no surprise that many people use the two terms interchangeably when talking about these types of dwellings. 

Those of you who are similarly perplexed can benefit from our explanation of the distinction between a 1 BHK and a studio.

  •  In a studio apartment(which can sometimes be similar to what a 1 RK means), the living quarters are all condensed into a single large room, so you'll need to strategically plan where to put the bed, the kitchen, and other appliances.

  • A 1 BHK apartment, on the other hand, consists of a single room, kitchen, living space, and bathroom/toilet. The hall in a 1 BHK can easily be transformed into an extra bedroom for guests or children, making it a great choice for a small family. 

  • Typically, single professionals and those who prefer to keep their living space to a minimum opt for studio apartments. In comparison to a studio apartment, the living quarters in a BHK are more generously proportioned. 

1 BHK & 1 RK Mean The Same?

You have 1RK, or one room and one kitchen if there is a solid wall separating the two areas. The abbreviation 1 RK means a home with one bedroom and one bathroom and one kitchen. It could be a combined toilet and bath, or just a bathroom. A 1RK means its floor space is typically smaller than that of a studio. It has fewer amenities and, as a result, a lower status. It is primarily intended for bachelors or renters. 

2 BHK Versus 1 BHK

First-time property investors, in particular, can save a lot of money by purchasing a home. The choice between a one- or two-bedroom apartment is influenced by many factors, including location, budget, and family size. Buyers on a tight budget are often perplexed as to whether to purchase a 1 BHK or 2 BHK home, what with the realtors' offering of a wide variety of unit configurations and home loan options from NBFCs and banks. 

Before deciding on a configuration unit, it's important to think about the following details: 

  • For a long-term investment – A 1 BHK apartment would be an excellent choice for a long-term investment for a couple looking to start a family. Nevertheless, you might get the impression that space is limited when you consider growing the family. As a consequence of this, an apartment with two bedrooms is a fantastic investment opportunity for a nuclear family. 

  • Value for money - A 2 BHK apartment unit is in high demand because it has a wide range of sizes and great amenities. While it's true that a 1 BHK is typically less expensive than a 2 BHK overall, the price per square foot can actually be much higher for the former. The high cost per square foot of a 1 BHK makes it more economical to opt for a smaller 2 BHK-priced flats instead.

  • Higher Profits - Investing in real estate is a good way to increase your wealth over the long term. It's prudent to give careful consideration to any financial commitments. Most Indians can only afford to buy a home when they are ready to start a family, so the 1 BHK market is relatively small. For smaller families, however, the more popular 2 BHK layout is always a good bet. 

  • Convenient Size - A 2 BHK is a good option for a single person or a small family. When you first move into your new home, you can put the extra space to use as a guest room, study, or storage area. And if you envision your family expanding, you can always build on to your current home. 

In light of the foregoing, a 2 BHK apartment is the superior choice over a 1 BHK apartment, whether for purchase or investment.

1 BHK, 2 BHK & 3 BHK Sizes You Should Know About

Some 1BHK apartments may look larger than a typical 2BHK when you're browsing the available units. A 2BHK that could be expanded to 3BHK standards may also have caught your eye. The question is, what does this imply?  

  • It means that some construction companies are providing 650–800 square feet of property for a 1 BHK unit, while others are providing 2,000 square feet of property for 2 BHK units.  

  • The natural follow-up question is "why do differences like these exist?" Because there is no set specification for a BHK apartment's dimensions. As a result, property markets and jurisdictions develop their own norms for the same. 

  • For instance, a 2 BHK apartment can be found for as little as 650 square feet and as much as 700 square feet in metro cities, while in other smaller cities, you may have no trouble finding a 2 BHK apartment that is as large as 1,000 square feet. 

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Built-Up Area and Carpet Area in 1 BHK, 2 BHK & 3 BHK Options

When looking to buy an apartment, it is important to check the carpet and built-up areas. Why? because the vast majority of people incorrectly use one term when they mean the other. 

You, as a prospective homeowner, should know that the carpet area in a BHK refers to the actual living space in the home or apartment. The thickness of the walls, the lobby, the elevator, the stairwell, etc. is not included in this measurement. The built-up area, on the other hand, includes the flooring, balcony, and interior wall space. 

Next time you see an ad, make sure to factor in both carpet and built-up areas when narrowing down your choices.

Things You Should Know Before Making A 1 BHK, 2 BHK And 3 BHK Purchase

When deciding on a BHK apartment, it's important to keep in mind the following factors: 

  • Size of Apartments - Apartments come in a wide range of floor plans, from studios to three-bedroom duplexes. As an illustration, one real estate agent may advertise a 2 BHK apartment in a 1200 sq. ft. area, while another advertises a 3 BHK apartment in the same size range. In that case, consider the size of your family and your needs, such as whether you'd like more rooms in a compact layout or fewer rooms in a spacious one.

  • Make a Financial Plan– Location and the inclusions provided by the developer heavily influence the final price of a flat. Sticking to a predetermined budget is preferable.

  • Before deciding on a place to live, it's important to make sure that you'll have easy access to basic amenities like grocery stores, pharmacies, and shops selling food and other necessities.


No one should make the life-altering decision to buy an apartment until they have saved up enough money and built up enough credit history to qualify for a sizable mortgage loan. The Indian market for what 1 BHK means to them as well as the studio apartments will never match the demand for larger dwellings such as 2 or 3 BHKs.


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