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Simar Nagi | 03 Mar 2023

Building Code Guidelines for Residential Buildings

Building Code Guidelines for Residential Buildings

Imagine you are someone who is going to start a construction business but with no real knowledge about real estate. What would you do? Will you give up?  No, and why should you when you have Clicbrics blogs helping you on your way to being successful in the real estate sector. When you are starting to build any building, the design must be pre-approved by the authorised body. The real estate developer is also supposed to mention the material they are about to utilise in the construction work. The structure will remain at par with the set building codes of the region. Only, in that case, it will be marked as approved. 

A building code is known to be a set of rules or codes that are obligated to be followed when you are about to construct a building. The building code regulates the activities involved in the construction of buildings and non-building structures. As per strict definition, a building code is a set of rules that includes basic building requirements included with administrative regulation. How is the building well designed or building, keeping in mind the safety and quality concerns? The National Building Code was published in India in 1970. 

The National Building Code is a document of guidelines for the construction of structures that are important to follow and are meant to protect the overall health of the construction. The codes were first published in 1970 and later revised in 1983, but the latest revision was performed in 2005. 

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NBC for residential buildings 

The construction of the residential building where the sleeping accommodation is provided for normal residential purposes with or without kitchen facilities except any building is classified under Group C. 

Every building must have an exit so that residents of the building can safely move out at the time of fire, earthquake or any other emergency. 

The staircase and the fire escape staircase area should be continuous from the ground floor to the terrace floor. 

Types of residential buildings

The National Building Code of India clearly states that residential buildings are those buildings that are equipped with sleeping accommodation with or without kitchen and dining facilities for people. They are further classified into the following 5 categories- 

  • Lodging room

  • Dormitories 

  • Apartments 

  • Flats 

  • Hotels 

National Building Code guidelines for kitchen 

  • The kitchen in the residential building must have a provision for washing utensils with a good drainage system. 

  • The kitchen floor should be waterproof.

  • The kitchen is not allowed to open into the shaft 

  • No use of chutes allowed above 15 metres.

  • The kitchen should get open in front of the interior and exterior open space and is not allowed to be less than 1 sq metres. 

  • National Building Code guidelines for bathrooms 

  • One wall of the bathroom should open to the open air. 

  • The ventilation window or window space should measure up to 0.37 sq metres. 

  • The bathroom should be above another bathroom or the terrace place but not allowed to be over another room. 

  • The seats should be made of non-absorbent material

  • Impervious bathroom floors but sloping towards the drain should not be towards any other room or balcony spaces.

  • Bathrooms should be provided with flush cisterns. 

  • But if the height of the toilets is above 2.2 metres, it will be counted in the Floor Area Ratio. 

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