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Gaurav Srivastava | 17 Jan 2022

A Complete Guide to Khasra Number and its Related Aspects

A Complete Guide to Khasra Number and its Related Aspects

Real estate is a boundless industry comprising multiple sectors. Each sector in this industry uses a handful of terminologies that are not known to ordinary people or beginners in the real estate market. One such term that people are confused about is "Khasra Number ." If you invest your hard-earned money in a land parcel or a plot, you need to know about the term "Khasra Number" that may come across the real estate deal. 

So, if you have recently stepped into the land records sector and want to know the meaning of the most used term, "Khasra Number," then this guide is for you. Here, we will discuss everything about Khasra Number in detail, including its purpose, importance, the difference with other similar-sounding terms and much more. 

Let's start with the meaning first, and then we'll move on to the other related aspects!

What is Khasra Number?

In the Persian language, Survey Number is commonly known as Khasra Number. This word has been in existence for a very long period of time. The word "Khasra Number" is extensive and extraordinarily common all over India. Khasra Number is assigned to a property or a piece of rural land. In other words, we can say that it is a plot number assigned to any agricultural land in rural parts of India. 

This term is only used in the rural parts of India, but there's something similar to this that exists in the urban areas to identify and denote multiple plot lands. Let's talk about the history of the term Khasra Number. This term dates back to when Mughals used to rule over India and had their specific land reforms in place, which governed the overall financial and agricultural system of the country. 

The true meaning of Khasra Number is a number that is allocated to every plot of land in the rural area. While assigning the Khasra Number, the map of the entire village is taken, and every available plot of land is assigned a specific number known as Khasra Number. Discussing its importance, having a Khasra Number has now become a necessity as it offers multiple information in just a few seconds. 

Now, let's gain an insight into the list of states where the term Khasra Number is used!

List of states where the term Khasra Number is used

Covering the central and north parts of India, one would for sure need to use the term Khasra Number in order to collect important information about land records. The list of states where land identities are assigned in the form of Khasra Number involves the following:

  • Uttar Pradesh

  • Punjab

  • Haryana

  • Himachal Pradesh

  • Rajasthan

  • Uttarakhand

  • Jharkhand

  • Bihar

  • Madhya Pradesh

Who assigns the Khasra Number?

It's now time to answer the most confusing question, i.e. "Who allocates the Khasra Number"?

Across all the states of India where the term Khasra Number is famous, the lekhpal is highly responsible for preparing and maintaining the local land revenue documents. The patwari of the village helps the lekhpal in keeping the land revenue documents streamlined and updated. 

Buyers must note that a Khasra Number, which is a part of the document named Sharja, is not always the same for a plot number. In simple terms, we can say that a Khasra Number is not always constant, like a plot number. Instead, it undergoes a change when the land is mutated, sold, gifted or divided.

This means that if the land parcel is sold or divided, or gifted and the mutation of the land takes place after the transaction, the Khasra Number will change correspondingly. For example, if the plot of land has the Khasra Number of 60, it's later divided into two parts. In that case, the two plots of land will bear the Khasra Numbers of 60/1 and 60/2. 

Importance of Khasra Number

The Khasra Number plays a vital role when it comes to buying or selling a specific piece of agricultural land. In case you wish to do any other activity on such agricultural land, then also Khasra Number plays an important role. This number is vital and remains constant throughout the entire lifespan but changes only when the land is sold, divided or gifted. In other words, we can say that the Khasra Number serves as a special document to put in place rights over a property. 

Khasra Number is a crucial part of a document named Sharja, which contains the complete map of the entire land in the village. The Khasra Number provides multiple details related to the land parcel like if it is fertile, the total area of the land, the quality of the soil and much more. With the help of the Khasra Number, one can get the history of about 50 years of a specific Khasra Number and can also get the pattern about the land for the last 50 years.

As you've got to know the importance of Khasra Number, let's now understand the purpose that it serves!

Purpose of Khasra Number

A Khasra Number is basically an identity provided to a land parcel in rural areas of India. If someone wants to access any information about his/her land, then he/she will have to provide the Khasra Number of the land. Similarly, Khasra Number will be used to notify the people if there is any sort of official communication regarding their parcel of land. This involves land-related frauds that are pretty common in rural areas of India. 

In addition to this, the Khasra Number tells people about the number of persons who own the agricultural lands and if the lands are cultivated by owners or by others. This number also indicates how much share the land laws have on the lands and how many people are involved in cultivating a specific piece of land. 

How do Authorities assign the Khasra Number?

When it comes to assigning the Khasra Number, the village authorities take control of a village map and then assign a Khasra Number to each and every land parcel of that particular area. In this way, the Khasra Number allocation offers a unique and distinctive identity to the land pieces located in that particular rural area of India. 

Khasra Number Vs Khata Number Vs Khatauni Number - What's the difference?

Similar-sounding terms like Khasra Number, Khata Number and Khatauni Number are heard mostly when someone deals with land matters. The reason behind this is that the Mughals firstly organised the land records in India to levy taxes and earn revenue. Given this fact, the terms have Arabic and Persian origins. 

So, if you are confused about the difference between these terms, then this segment of the article has got you covered with an answer! Let's look at the meaning of each term separately in order to have a better understanding. 

Khata Number: Also known as the Khewat Number, Khata Number signifies an account number allotted to a family. It indicates the entire landholding of all the members of the family. Using the Khata Number, one can quickly get the details of landowners and their total landholding. 

Khasra Number: Khasra Number is a Plot or Survey Number assigned to a particular piece of land, especially in rural areas. This number helps people get the entire ownership history along with the pattern of the land. Additionally, the Khasra Number gives information about the type of soil and crops, details of cultivators and owners etc.

Khatauni Number: Khatauni Number is assigned to a group of cultivators who cultivate certain areas or portions of land that fall under multiple Khasra Numbers. In other words, Khatauni Number is not assigned to a piece of land but is given to a set of cultivators. 

What information do these numbers provide?

The details or information that are mentioned in Khasra Number, Khata Number and Khatauni Number involve the following:

  • The number of people cultivating the land or whether the land parcel is self-cultivated or not.

  • The portion of land under the ownership of a specific landowner.

  • The overall area of land that a family owns.

  • The details of the landowners who own that specific land in the village.

  • The net area of the land used for agricultural purposes. 

Here we have come to the end of this article on "Khasra Number"! It is always advisable to know about each term and its importance before stepping into any field. If you are someone who is willing to invest in agricultural land, then Khasra Number is the term that you should be aware of. So, may it be Khasra Number, Khata Number or Khatauni Number, all these are crucial numbers of land parcels in rural areas of India. 


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